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10 novembre 2011 4 10 /11 /novembre /2011 20:58

Mis en ligne le 2011-11-10

 

 

Il y a quelques années, le sous-sol de la Mongolie a révélé ses trésors. Ce pays de trois millions d’habitants, dont l’économie a longtemps été principalement tractée par l’élevage et l’agriculture, s’est avéré posséder la plus grande réserve de cuivre au monde, la mine d’Oyu Tolgoi, ainsi que d’importants gisements de charbon, d’or et d’uranium. Profitant de cette aubaine, le gouvernement mongol a ouvert une partie des exploitations à des investisseurs étrangers, tout en en conservant la majorité des revenus. De nouveaux défis attendent donc le gouvernement, qui a décidé, par la voix de son Premier ministre, de communiquer sur ses intentions à l’occasion d’une conférence organisée à New York par l’ONG Asia Society le 28 octobre dernier.


Lors de cette conférence, le Premier ministre mongol Batbold Sukhbaatar a avant toute chose tenu à rassurer ses investisseurs, et plus particulièrement la compagnie Rio Tinto, géant anglo-australien d’exploitation minière, qui a lancé en 2010 dans le désert de Gobi un projet colossal d’exploitation s’élevant à 5,5 milliards de dollars, soit l’équivalent du PIB mongol. Il a ainsi annoncé qu’il ne reviendrait finalement pas sur l’accord pour l’exploitation des mines de cuivre et d’or de 2009. Ce projet de renégociation aurait pu faire passer la part de la Mongolie dans ces exploitations de 34% à 50% dans la mine d’Oyu Tolgoi, mais le gouvernement a fait fi de ses inquiétudes à voir des investisseurs étrangers, et a préféré assurer ses deux partenaires exploitants, Rio Tinto et Ivanhoe Mines, de sa confiance, afin de ne pas créer de climat de suspicion ni d’anxiété pour aucune des parties.
Durant cette conférence, le Premier ministre a également fait part de son intention de faire en sorte que ni l’exploitation des mines du pays, ni le développement économique qui y est lié, ne nuisent à l’environnement. Il a indiqué avoir scrupuleusement observé les agissements des autres pays afin de ne pas reproduire les mêmes erreurs : il a ainsi fait part de son projet de renforcer les lois de protection de l’environnement, qui se concrétiseraient notamment par la création d’espace verts nationaux intouchables.
Mais ces engagements pourraient s’avérer difficiles à tenir, tant l’exploitation de ces mines tend à faire exploser la croissance mongole. Le pays a en effet commencé l’année 2011 avec un taux de croissance de 6,7%, ce qui était déjà très satisfaisant au regard des taux de croissance des principales économies mondiales à la même période, mais ce chiffre pourrait bien doubler, voire tripler pour cette année : l’Asian Development Bank estime la croissance annuelle de la Mongolie sur l’année 2011 à 14%, tandis que d’autres prévisionnistes internationaux prévoient un taux de croissance à 20%.
Le Premier ministre mongol a indiqué vouloir suivre l’exemple de la Norvège, du Canada ainsi que de l’Australie, pour parvenir à faire de ce foisonnement de ressources un moyen d’améliorer les conditions de vie de son peuple. Le gouvernement prévoit un total de 25 milliards de dollars d’investissements étrangers dans les mines et les infrastructures, ce qui devrait permettre au pays de tripler son PIB en cinq ans. De plus, à partir de 2013, l’Oyu Tolgoi, plus grosse réserve de cuivre au monde, dont les prévisions indiquent que la durée d’exploitation sera d’un demi-siècle, abreuvera enfin le marché mondial dont elle représentera à elle seule 3% du total.
Ces ressources minières sont un grand atout pour la Mongolie, dont l’un des voisins n’est autre que le géant chinois, hautement demandeur de ressources minières. Mais les Mongols craignent que ceux-ci, avec qui les liens sont plutôt tendus, ne s’accaparent leurs richesses ; ils ont donc fait le choix de diversifier leur clientèle, en négociant aussi avec les Russes, les Japonais, les Sud-Coréens, et même les Australiens.

 

sources: le figaro, eurasianet, baosem, affaires strategiques

 

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9 novembre 2011 3 09 /11 /novembre /2011 14:06

Mis en ligne le 2011-11-09

 

MNT 2.4 trillion to be distributed to citizens by HDF reports Finance Minister 

 

     Traduction en français à la fin. MNT: abréviation de Tugrik (voir les billets)

   

Parliament’s Standing Committee on Budget discussed next year’s Human Development Fund (HDF) allowance.

 

The MPP and DP will fulfill their 2008 election promise, meaning MNT 2.4 trillion will be distributed to citizens in 2012. According to Finance Minister S.Bayartsogt’s speech, the HDF will allocate an allowance of MNT 128,000 to every citizen by July 2012.

 

Additionally, women 55 and over, men 60 and over, and disabled people will receive a one-time allowance of MNT 1 million, which some 600,000 people will collect. S.Bayartsogt said the remaining 2.2 million citizens will receive their choice of MNT 1 million in cash or an equivalent in shares in Erdenes MGL LLC and 15 other mining companies. The Government predicts half the citizens will take the cash and half will take the shares.

 

S.Bayartsogt noted that political parties have agreed to not promise citizens cash in the 2012 election.

 

traduction :    

    Le comité permanent du Parlement sur le budget discuté de l'allocation du fond pour le dévéloppement de la population de l'année prochaine.  

Le MPP et le DP rempliront leurs promesses électorales de 2008, ce qui signifie que 2400000000000 MNTseront distribués aux citoyens en 2012. Selon le discours du ministre des Finances S. Bayartsogt, l 'HDF va allouer une indemnité de 128 000 MNT pour chaque citoyen en Juillet 2012.  

En outre, les femmes de 55 ans et plus, les hommes 60 ans et plus, et les personnes handicapées recevront une allocation ponctuelle de MNT 1 million, ce qui concerne environ 600.000 personnes. S. Bayartsogt a déclaré que les 2,2 millions de citoyens restants recevront au choix MNT 1 million en argent comptant ou un équivalent en actions dans Erdenes MGL LLC et 15 autres sociétés minières. Le gouvernement prédit que la moitié des citoyens prendront l'argent en espèces et que l'autre prendra les actions.
S. Bayartsogt a noté que les partis politiques ont convenu de ne pas promettre aux citoyens de trésorerie lors de l'élection 2012.

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7 novembre 2011 1 07 /11 /novembre /2011 03:55

Mis en ligne le 2011-11-07, info du 2011-11-01

 

  80-transport de charbon

    Yo.Manlaibayar, lLe chef du Bureau des finances et des investissements du ministère de la Route, Transport et Développement Urbain, a déclaré que l'infrastructure ferroviaire pour le transport du charbon de la mine Tavantolgoi sera susceptibles d'être terminé en 2014, lors d'une conférence sur l'investissement à Hong Kong le 27 Octobre dernier.

270 km de chemins de fer vers la Chine à partir deTavantolgoi et 1100 km de chemins de fer vers la Russie devraient être construit pour le transport de charbon pour les deux voisins .

 

 

 

 

 

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3 novembre 2011 4 03 /11 /novembre /2011 12:32

Mis en ligne le 2011-11-03

 

 

Le géant français d'uranium le Groupe « Areva » a terminé l'exploration de terrain et est76-uranium-areva.jpg en train d'extraire de l'uranium dans la province orientale de Gobi en Mongolie, ont rapporté mercredi les médias locaux.

Selon les même sources, la société française a commencé à produire de l'uranium en décembre 2010, ce qui a marqué la première extraction d'uranium du pays depuis les deux dernières décennies.

A l'heure actuelle, la société poursuit la production expérimentale, l'extraction de l'uranium du sous-sol avec une méthode appelée «lixiviation en tas ».

Encouragé par les résultats, Areva prévoit de construire une petite usine exploitation d'uranium dans le pays d'ici deux à trois ans.

L'entreprise prévoit également de construire des usines de traitement d'uranium pour produire du "yellow cake" ou un produit d'uranium fin en 2017, qui sera exportés    vers les usines d'enrichissement d'uranium en France et au Kazakhstan.

 

d'après désir d'Asie, mis en francçais compréhensible par ACFM

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31 octobre 2011 1 31 /10 /octobre /2011 13:04

Mis en ligne le 2011-10-31

 

 

Mongolia’s government is emphasising its plans to diversify from reliance on mining-related revenues and investment in the hope that the development of the manufacturing and agricultural sectors will create a more advanced industrial base.

 

73With the Oyu Tolgoi copper mine alone set to account for one-third of Mongolia’s GDP by 2020, the reliance on the booming mining industry has raised fears of “Dutch disease”, a term describing cases in which the financial benefits of a resource boom lead to a hollowing out of other sectors.

 

“It is important to have a good mining industry,” Prime Minister Sükhbaataryn Batbold told Bloomberg in March. “But it is a tool of moving many other things forward. What we want to focus on [is] creating jobs in many other industries. We’d like to focus now on value-added products.”

 

In September the Ministry of Finance issued MNT300bn ($234.6m) worth of Mongolian bonds to support the wool and cashmere sector. Of the funds to be raised, MNT150bn ($117.3m) will go towards developing small and medium-sized enterprises, MNT100bn ($78.2m) is to support the producers of wool and cashmere products, and MNT50bn ($39.1m) will go to herders who sell camel and sheep wool to domestic factories.

 

The deputy minister for food, agriculture and light industry, Kh. Zoljargal, told local media in mid-September that MNT108bn ($84m) in bonds had already been sold, adding that the money would be distributed to businesses in the form of loans through commercial banks.

 

In 2009 the cashmere industry provided jobs and income for a third of the country’s72 population of 2.6m, supplying about 20% of the global market. However, an oversupply of goats is negatively affecting biodiversity and undermining herding livelihoods. A further challenge has been overdependence on demand from China, which has historically bought around two-thirds of the country’s cashmere exports, though often through back-door deals that have led to suppliers selling their products for prices far below market value.

 

While prices rose around 50% year-on-year in April for Mongolian cashmere derived from the Khentii and Sukhbaatar regions, according to data from Australian wool exporter G Schneider, industry leaders say profits could be much higher on the back of strong competition from legitimate buyers in China and Europe.

 

According to the Mongol Cashmere Association (MCA), current annual revenues of around $180m are dominated by sales of raw cashmere, which makes up 80% of exports. If the country had the capacity to refine all of its cashmere before exporting it, profits could rise to between $480m and $520m. The MCA also said in May that the government’s plan to raise MNT100bn ($78.2m) in financing for the sector could lead to the addition of around 1800 jobs for the industry.

 

On October 10 the prime minister thanked farmers and other agriculture workers on behalf of the government for the biggest harvest in the country’s history, with 433,400 tonnes of wheat, 191,500 tonnes of potato and 97,200 tonnes of vegetables having been produced. The agriculture ministry reported in July that 160,000 stockholders were breeding approximately 43m livestock.

 

The positive results in agricultural output come as plans to establish an agricultural raw materials exchange are gathering pace. Set to start work in January 2012, the proposed exchange is hoped to do away with middlemen and allow herders to deal directly with buyers of their goods and products, with the aim of ensuring fair prices for both and also improving product quality.

 

Although the agriculture sector is showing signs of development, the UN Industrial Development Organisation stressed in a February report that it is equally important for the government to maintain a focus on manufacturing, which employed just 48,000 Mongolians in 2008. The UN body suggested there should be regular dialogue between the public and the private sectors, with the government providing support in the form of credits, improved infrastructure, and training and education initiatives.

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28 octobre 2011 5 28 /10 /octobre /2011 13:57

Mis en ligne le 2011-10-28

 

 

Mongolia is considering a Hong Kong listing of its rail-building firm in a bid to help finance its71 $5 billion railway plan, the South China Morning Post reported on Friday.

Mongolia Railways, the rail-builder owned by the Mongolian government, is planning a domestic initial public offering before turning abroad, pending parliament approval, the paper wrote, citing Manlaibayar Yondon, director general of the department of finance and investment at the Ministry of Roads, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development.

“We hope it will approve it within weeks,” Yondon said. “We want to start with a domestic initial public offering and then go international. While the Mongolian Stock Exchange is working with the London Stock Exchange, I think Hong Kong will be our better bet.”

It may embark on a Hong Kong flotation of up to 49 percent of the firm, the paper said. It gave no further listing details.

The railway plan is part of a $30 billion development blueprint for the country, which includes $13 billion of industrial parks, the paper said.

China is the biggest market for Mongolia’s coking coal and copper, the paper added.

Mongolia’s massive Tavan Tolgoi project began shipping 4,000 tonnes of coal south to its new partner, the Aluminum Corp of China Ltd (Chalco) following a ceremony at the mine site earlier this year.

The mine’s state-owned operator, Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi, had earlier agreed to sell $250 million worth of coal to the Chinese company from its east Tsankhi block, a move designed to fund the deposit’s overseas listing scheduled for next year.

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27 octobre 2011 4 27 /10 /octobre /2011 14:12

Mis en ligne le 2011-10-27

 

 

The budget projects revenues of MNT 6.4 trillion (35.4 percent of GDP) and expenditures of69 MNT 7.1 trillion (39.5 percent of GDP). The projected deficit is MNT 0.7 trillion (4.1 percent of GDP).

Per capita GDP is projected to be MNT 6.4 million or USD 5,362 in 2012. Noting that the coalition government had promised to increase per capita GDP to USD 5,000, S.Batbold said that promise will be fulfilled.

The Government suggests four major goals for revenue, which is increasing due to mining development. First, to stabilize revenue. Second, to equitably share mining revenue among the people. Third, to increase investment in the education and public health sectors, because the Government believes that economic growth must support human development. And fourth, to transfer more administrative authority and responsibility to local settlements.

The proposal would continue the MNT 21,000 monthly allowance to each citizen from the Human Development Fund (HDF) until July 2012, and MNT 1 million would be allocated to elderly and disable persons. MNT 334.2 billion has been allocated for HDF allowances.

MNT 83.6 billion has allocated for tuition fees of MNT 500,000 per student for 170,000 students.

Parliament is discussing the budget proposal, and some MPs raised the issue of funding repairs to schools and kindergartens in their electoral districts.

 

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27 octobre 2011 4 27 /10 /octobre /2011 14:03

Mis en ligne le 2011-10-27

 

Mongolia needs coal deal in 3 months to ensure IPO

 

 

65A contentious investment agreement on Mongolia’s huge Tavan Tolgoi coal deposit needs to be completed within three months to ensure that a much-heralded initial public offering for the project goes ahead on time, a legislator told Reuters on Wednesday.    

Terbishdagva Dendev, a member of Mongolia’s Grand Khural parliament, said on the sidelines of a conference in Hong Kong that discussions on an investment agreement for the western block of the coveted 7.5 billion tonne deposit were expected to get underway in November.    

Mongolia plans to open the western block of the vast deposit up to foreign investors, while the eastern block will be listed on international stock markets next year.    

An initial plan to grant 40 percent of the project to China’s Shenhua Group, 36 percent to a Russian-Mongolian consortium and 24 percent to Peabody Energy Corp of the United States was rejected by the Mongolian Security Council and branded as “unfair” by bidders from Japan and South Korea.    

Graeme Hancock, chief operations officer with Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi, the state-owned entity in charge of the project, told the conference that the scale of the IPO for the eastern block would depend on the investment agreement.    

“Once the terms of engagement on the west block are clear, that will have an impact on the IPO valuation,” he said. “I am hoping there will be resolution on this in the very near future so this can be built into our future cash flow.”    

Terbishdagva said that if an agreement was not signed within three months, the international IPO would have to wait until after Mongolia’s parliamentary elections in June.    

Analysts have expressed concern that political jockeying ahead of next year’s elections was disrupting Mongolia’s economy and harming its investment climate.    

Terbishdagva was one of the MPs who signed a petition earlier this year urging the government to renegotiate an agreement signed with Canada’s Ivanhoe Mines Ltd in 2009 for the massive Oyu Tolgoi copper-gold project.   

A group of 20 parliamentarians called on the government to renegotiate the terms of the deal to allow Mongolia’s stake in the project to rise from the current 34 percent to 50 percent as soon as Ivanhoe recouped its investment.    

The government submitted a request to Ivanhoe in mid-September, but subsequently announced that no changes would be made to the agreement, which allows Mongolia’s stake to increase to 50 percent only after 30 years.

 

Nine of the petition’s original signatories have subsequently call for the resignation of Mongolia’s prime minister, Sukhbaatar Batbold, saying he has failed to implement parliamentary resolutions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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26 octobre 2011 3 26 /10 /octobre /2011 16:52

Mis en ligne le 2011-10-26

 

 

68.jpgYesterday, Finance Minister S.Bayartsogt informed journalists about Oyutolgoi issue on Monday.

 

Ivanhoe Mines Ltd and Rio Tinto International Holdings Ltd made Oyutolgoi investment agreement on October 6, 2009.

 

The Minister said that Mongolia would earn USD29.1 billion as taxation, payment, fee and dividend from Oyutolgoi project in 50 years and investors would earn USD25 billion as dividend. Besides, the two sides have agreed to talk loan interests in every seven years and next talks would be held in 2018. Mongolia could own 50 percent of shares after 30 years.

 

Bayartsogt explained that the MPs who demand implementation of the 57th protocol of Parliament have considered political meaning but not economic basis.

 

Some journalists asked that investors saying Mongolian politicians greedy related to politicians bribery from investors. The Minister stated that essentiality of issue concerns to benefit of Mongolian side and the International Monetary Fund and World Bank concluded that Oyutolgoi agreement has beneficial to the Government of Mongolia, after their research. Mongolia becomes a country with average income and has economic growth 20 percent.

 

He answered a question about double taxation with Kingdom of the Netherlands that Mongolia has held talks of double taxation with some countries since 1990. Double taxation does not give profit to Mongolia and the Government is aiming to cancel double taxation agreements.

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21 octobre 2011 5 21 /10 /octobre /2011 16:33

Mis en ligne le 2011-10-21

 

Aluminum Corp of China Ltd (Chinalco) , the country’s top aluminium producer, will buy 15 million tonnes of coking coal per year from Mongolia’s Tavan Tolgoi mine over the next three years, it said in a statement seen on Friday.

Chinalco said it had signed the contract with state-owned Mongolian miner Erdenes MGL in July and the first delivery of coal to China was made this week.
Erdenes said in July that Chinalco would resell 30 percent of the coking coal to Japanese trading houses Itochu Corp and Mitsui & Co Ltd , and state-owned Korea Resources Corp .
The government has split the massive Tavan Tolgoi coalfield into two sections for development. The east Tsankhi area is owned by Erdenes TT, which is planning an initial public offering worth an estimated $10 billion, while the west Tsankhi block is being auctioned to miners via an international tender.
Source Reuters
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